In a month, elections of deputies will be held in Moscow. Every fifth candidate was unemployed. Managers, workers and civil servants are being actively promoted, while the share of young people has decreased. Who goes to the municipal candidates – in the material RBC : 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >
In autumn, elections will be held in the capital in 125 out of 146 districts. A total of 1,417 municipal deputies will be elected. According to Dmitry Reut, deputy head of the Moscow City Electoral Committee, a total of 6,259 people were registered, but this number may change slightly: some candidates are challenging the refusals in court, and new cancellations of registration are possible.
Who decided to run for the Mundeps, what is the average age of the candidate and which party put up the most unemployed— RBC analyzed the statistics of election commissions on registered candidates.
The average age of a registered candidate for the Moscow Mundeps was 42 years. In terms of parties, the most age candidates were nominated by United Russia, where the average age compared to the general one increased by seven years and amounted to 49 years. The youngest contenders-United Russia— 22 years old (there are five such candidates). At the same time, they are still older than competitors from other parties and associations: in A Just Russia— For the truth” the age of candidates starts from 19 years old, in the rest— dated 18.
In second place in terms of average age are the parliamentary Communist Party of the Russian Federation and A Just Russia— For the truth»— 43 years. The youngest party in this parameter— “New people” with candidates aged 36.
Compared to the previous municipal elections, the number of young candidates up to 35 years of age has decreased— 33.3% of the total number of registered. In 2017, this figure was 36.8%, which is almost 750 candidates more than the current one. Among self-nominees, the number of candidates under 35 years of age— 43%.
Earlier, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and the Liberal Democratic Party noted that during the selection they gave priority to more experienced candidates with party experience. Municipal Campaign Coordinator “New People” in Moscow, Anna Trofimenko told RBC that there are young people on the party list— “yesterday's and even today's students”, because they are “free from prejudices and patterns, they have a lot of energy and desire to achieve real change.” Chairman of the Moscow branch of «SR» Dmitry Gusev noted that the party did not set the age of candidates as a criterion, the main thing is that the candidates share the program and the memorandum.
The average age of a candidate is close to the average age of a Muscovite, so the age of the candidates— “the balance of youth and experience,” says political scientist Konstantin Kalachev. In his opinion, the decrease in the number of candidates to 35 years old compared to the previous elections can be explained by the disappointment of young people in politics, as well as emigration after the start of a special operation in Ukraine. “The percentage of young people is still quite large. It is not necessary to say that without young people: a significant part still continues to participate in the political process, — he told RBC.
According to sociological studies, people imagine the ideal mundep as an experienced person who can solve their problems, and a young person does not fit into this picture, they vote worse for young people, political scientist Alexander Asafov noted in a conversation with RBC. Therefore, when compiling lists, parties can focus on this factor, he added. “In general, I don’t see age distortions in the general stream, there are young people,” — concluded the political scientist.
Almost all candidates for municipal deputies received higher education (70%). There are significantly fewer of those who, when submitting documents to the election commissions, indicated secondary vocational education (10%) and secondary education (0.6%). The remaining candidates left the column with education empty.
Unemployed, civil servants, state employees and cleaners< /p>
Almost every fifth of the registered candidates for the mundeps— unemployed. Most of them are among self-nominated— 31% of their total number. Nevertheless, a sufficient number of those who indicated “temporarily not working” in the column, and among the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (21% of the communists), the Liberal Democratic Party (21%) and A Just Russia— For the truth” (fourteen%). At “United Russia” the share of the unemployed was 1%.
The share of the unemployed increased compared to 2017: there were about 12% of such candidates in the last elections.
The high proportion of unemployed in the Liberal Democratic Party is explained by the shortcomings of official wording: the documents do not take into account volunteer assistants, volunteers, party activists, State Duma Vice Speaker Boris Chernyshov told RBC. “Claims to the wording. Let our candidates have no place where their work book is, but they are actively engaged in social activities, & mdash; he noted, adding that the Liberal Democratic Party made a bet on the district party activists.
The head of the Moscow city committee, Nikolai Zubrilin, noted that the candidates— “ordinary people with their own concerns, who may just as well be temporarily unemployed and looking for work.” According to him, this, in particular, allows them to understand the problems and solve them together with the voters. “Can’t, for example, a mother of three children who takes care of them and is not employed become a municipal deputy? Maybe. By the way, she knows better than anyone else what the children of her district need, — agrees the chairman of the Moscow branch of «SR» Dmitry Gusev.
The reason for the large number of unemployed may lie in the “legal incident”: someone is in the gray zone or has occasional employment and indicates the status of “temporarily out of work”; due to difficulties in proving income, someone works in the creative field, which has its own peculiarities of employment, political scientist Alexander Asafov believes. Among other reasons, in his opinion, & mdash; possible risks due to participation in elections at work or reluctance to indicate a profession that “does not look good on the ballot”.
Among the employed, the most numerous group were managers— candidates holding managerial positions in business structures. In particular, these are directors of companies, heads of departments or their deputies.
Small and medium-sized businesses in recent years have begun to play a more active role in the public life of society, especially in Moscow, where the role of services is very large, political scientist Kalachev noted in an interview with RBC. “This suggests that independent, mature people who know what they want go into politics. In many ways, they are focused on improvement issues: it is important for owners of cafes and restaurants, for example, to know about the state of the infrastructure, — he added. According to Alexander Asafov, the entry “manager” in the work book at the moment one of the most common, so it is logical that they are also the majority among the candidates.
The second largest number was hired workers, which included ordinary employees of enterprises. Most of them— representatives of working specialties: turners, assemblers, assistant machinists, machine operators, janitors, couriers and others. In particular, 12 cleaners, 55 drivers of various categories, 16 locksmiths and 18 cashiers are running for municipal deputies.
Traditionally, a large block of candidates is made up of those working in the public sector (almost 12%) and state employees (8%)— health, education and social workers. A significant part of them, as stated, are running for United Russia. and public association «My area» (with the program of the same name in 2018, mayor Sergei Sobyanin went to the polls). Thus, these two categories account for 66% of all registered United Russia candidates and about 60% of My District. Among the candidates are just over 60 school directors and their deputies, many heads of departments in hospitals. The lowest share of state employees— among self-nominated candidates (2.4%), the Liberal Democratic Party has the same percentage.
“United Russia” conducts the selection of candidates for elections by open preliminary voting, which does not provide for age restrictions or prohibitions on professional affiliation, Irina Yeliferova, deputy head of the executive committee, told RBC. At the same time, it is logical, she added, that more experienced candidates, established professionals (including those in healthcare, leaders of public opinion “choose United Russia” for the nomination, as the political force that enjoys the greatest confidence in Russia).< /p>
Among the “New People” a large proportion of managers and self-employed. “We have relied on people who, on the one hand, do not depend on the executive branch, and on the other” can conduct a constructive dialogue with the authorities on behalf of the residents of the district, — explained coordinator Anna Trofimenko.
The emphasis on officials and state employees in municipal elections is traditional for United Russia; and is an effective “working mechanism,” says Konstantin Kalachev. According to him, this year there are many women among state employees who are involved in solving social problems. “Such people have a base of support, their own electorate, it is easier for them to work with pensioners. In addition, municipal elections— a story about usefulness and care. They are used to asking for help, and this is a win-win option in terms of electability, — the political scientist said. Civil servants, in turn, guarantee loyalty and manageability, which is important on the eve of the mayoral elections in Moscow.
Among other professions popular with candidates— engineer, lawyer, economist and media worker (journalist, editor or producer). 9% of all registered candidates are self-employed, the same number— for pensioners. A little less (7%) were students, the smallest (4%) were social activists and politicians.
Candidates in all districts
259 candidates for the Mundeps used the tactic of nomination in several districts at once. Of these, about half, 119 people, were registered in two or more districts. Absolute champions— self-nominated Yana Tomilova and Vyacheslav Krotov, who were registered in 11 constituencies. Two candidates each received registration in five and four constituencies at once.
Candidates who register for municipal elections in several districts of the capital do not violate the law, Dmitry Reut, deputy chairman of the Moscow City Electoral Committee, said earlier.
Such tactics are a new trend, Kalachev believes. According to him, those who were not sure of registration were applied in several districts at once, this served as “additional insurance.” “We have enough people who believe that in municipal elections, like in a casino, anything can happen: by filing in all districts, they are going for broke,” — he concluded.
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